云南11选5

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媒体报道

大众日报:推进要素流动 协同创造效能 胶东经济圈助力山东经济高质量发展
发布时间:2020-05-21
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    2020NIAN4YUE,DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYINFA《GUANYUGOUJIANGENGJIAWANSHANDEYAOSUSHICHANGHUAPEIZHITIZHIJIZHIDEYIJIAN》(XIACHENG《YIJIAN》),FENLEITICHUTUDI、LAODONGLI、ZIBEN、JISHU、SHUJUWUGEYAOSULINGYUDEGAIGEFANGXIANGHEJUTIJUCUO,QIZHONG“SHICHANGHUAPEIZHI”GUANCHUAN《YIJIAN》SHIZHONG,QIYIJIUSHIYAOJIANQUANYAOSUSHICHANGYUNXINGJIZHI,XIAOCHUGELEIYINXINGBILEI,RANGGELEIYAOSUZIZHUYOUXULIUDONG。JINQI,SHANDONGSHENGJIJITICHU“JIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUA”FAZHANJIANSHEZHIDAOYIJIAN,MOUHUAXIETONGHUBU,XINGCHENGQUYULIANDONG,JIANDINGTUIJINGAIGECHUANGXIN,QIBIJIANGJIFASHEHUIDEHUOLIYUCHUANGZAOLI,SHIFANGGENGDUODESHICHANGXINDONGNENG,WEIDUICHONGYIQINGYINGXIANG、ZENGTIANSHANDONGJINGJIFAZHANHOUJINGTIGONGXINYINQING。

    YI、QUANGUO“CHAIQIANG”JINCHENGZHENGZAIJIASU

    《YIJIAN》BENZHIZAIYUDATONGYAOSUSHICHANGBILEI,TUIDONGYAOSULIUDONGPEIZHI。LIRUQIZHONGJIUTIDAO:TUIDONGCHAODA、TEDACHENGSHIDIAOZHENGWANSHANJIFENLUOHUZHENGCE,TANSUOTUIDONGZAIZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAODENGCHENGSHIQUNLVXIANSHIXIANHUJIZHUNRUNIANXIANTONGCHENGHUALEIJIHUREN。《YIJIAN》ZHONGHAITIJILETUDI、ZIBEN、JISHU、SHUJUDENGYAOSUDESHICHANGHUAPEIZHI,TUIJINYAOSUSHICHANGZHIDUJIANSHE。YOUCIKEJIAN,GEDIQUYUYITIHUA“CHAIQIANG”DONGZUOJIANGJINYIBUJIAJU,CHENGSHIJIANSHENGCHANYAOSUHELIPEIZHILIUDONGDESHIDAIYIRANLAILIN。

    SHOUXIANKANWOGUODEZHANGSANJIAODIQU,2020NIAN5YUE6RININGBOSHIGONGANJUFAWENCHENG,JIUQUANMIANFANGKUANLUOHUZHENGQIUYIJIAN,TICHUJIANGYAOSHIXIAN“ZHOUSHANHUJITONGCHENGDAIYU”。NINGBO、ZHOUSHANLIANGDIRUONENGSHIXIANHUJIHUREN,JIUSHIDATONGLELAODONGLIYAOSUSHICHANGDEBILEI,BENZHISHANGJIUSHI“YIJIAREN”。YUCITONGSHI,YONGZHOULIANGDIHAIZAICHANYE、GANGKOU、LUQIAOJIANSHE、GONGGONGFULIDENGFANGMIANGONGTONGNULI,JIJIMOUHUATUIJINYONGZHOUHEZUOQUSHIXIANHULIANHUTONG。ERTUOLISHENGYUGAINIAN,YONGZHOUYITIHUABEIHOUSHIZHANGSANJIAOYITIHUADEGUOJIAZHANLVE,NINGBODEZHIZAOYEBINGFU+ZHOUSHANDEZIYUANBINGFU+SHANGHAIDEJINRONGBINGFU,SANZUOHAIGANGZHICHENGYOUSHIHUBU、HULIANHUTONG、XIETONGGONGJIN,ZEKESHIXIANGENGWEIGAOXIAODEBUYI。YOUCIKEKAN,SUIZHEZHONGGUOJINGJIJINRUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANJIEDUAN,JIJIDAPOZUAIZIYUANYAOSUZIYOULIUDONGDETIZHIJIZHIZHANGAI,JIUBIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAOLE。

    BUJINSHIZHANGSANJIAODIQU,WOGUOZHUSANJIAO、ZHONGXIBUDE“CHAIQIANG”BUFAYEZAITISU。GUANGDONG2020NIAN5YUE8RICHUTAI《GUANGDONGSHENGJIANLIJIANQUANCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANTIZHIJIZHIHEZHENGCETIXIDERUOGANCUOSHI》,TICHUYAODAZAOWUDADOUSHIQUAN。QIZHONG,SHENZHENDOUSHIQUANZHANLVEGUIHUAMINGQUEBIAOSHI,JIANGXIEDIAODONGGUAN、HUIZHOU、HEYUAN、SHANWEISISHIGONGTONGCANYU,ZHULIHEYUAN、SHANWEIRONGRUDAWANQUJIANSHE。YEJIUSHISHUO,SHENZHENDOUSHIQUANFUDIBUJINJUXIANYU“SHENGUANHUI”,ERJINYIBUJIANGHEYUAN、SHANWEILIANGGEJIAORUODISHINARUFANWEI。TONGGUODOUSHIQUANNEIQUYUJIANSHENGCHANYAOSUDEZHENGHEFAZHAN、LIUDONGPEIZHI,ZEKEDAIDONGZHENGGEZHUSANJIAOYITIHUAFAZHANSHIXIANGENGDADEJINGJIXIAOYING。

    ZAIKANWOGUOZHONGXIBUDIQU,CHENGYUDIQUSHUANGCHENGJINGJIQUANYESHIRUCHUYIZHE。CHENGYUYITIHUAJIASUDEZHANLVEBEIJINGXIA,LIANGZUOXIBUCHENGSHIBUJINYAOZAIXINANDIQUXINGCHENGYIGE“SHUANGHUANGDAN”ZHONGXINJIEGOU,HAIXUHUANJIECHENGYUSHUANGQUANZHONGBUTAXIANDEWENTI。2020NIAN5YUE9RI,ZHONGQINGFABUZHONGYAOXIAOXI,ZHUCHENGQUJIANGSHIXIANKUORONG,YIGOUJIANYIGEGENGDADE“ZHUCHENGDOUSHIQU”。KUORONGZHIHOUDECHENGQUMIANJI,JIANGYOUYUANLAIDEZHUCHENG9QU,KUORONGWEI21GEQU。WEILAIZHONGQINGDEWANGXIFAZHANBUFAJIANGHUIJIAKUAI,JIEXIALAICHENGDOUYEJIANGXIANGDONGJINFANGXIANGJIASUMAIJIN。MUQIAN,LIANGDIJIANBUFAYIXILIE“CHAIQIANG”HULIANDONGZUO,LIRUCHENGYUJIELIDAZAOCHENGYU1XIAOSHITONGQINQUAN,SHIXIANLIANGDIGONGJIJINHURENHUDAI,ZHONGQINGZAIXIBIANGUIHUALEDIERJICHANGDENG。

    SHANGSHUWOGUOZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAOYIJIZHONGXIBUDIQUDEGEDACHENGSHIQUN、DOUSHIQUANJITI“CHAIQIANG”,ZHIZAITUIDONGYAOSUPEIZHIYIJUSHICHANGGUIZE、SHICHANGJIAGE、SHICHANGJINGZHENGSHIXIANXIAOYIZUIDAHUAHEXIAOLVZUIYOUHUA,ZHEIYENENGRANGYIQIECHUANGZAOCAIFUDEYUANQUANCHONGFENYONGLIU,RANGYIQIECHUANGXINHUOLIJINGXIANGBENGFA。

    ER、SHANDONGTICHUDAZAOJIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUA

    2020NIANCHU,ZHONGYANGCAIJINGWEIYUANHUIDILIUCIHUIYITICHU,FAHUISHANDONGBANDAOCHENGSHIQUNLONGTOUZUOYONG,TUIDONGYANHUANGDIQUZHONGXINCHENGSHIJICHENGSHIQUNGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。5YUE7RI,SHANDONGSHENGWEICHANGWEI、FUSHENGZHANGWANGSHUJIANZAIJIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUAFAZHANGONGZUOTUIJINHUIYISHANGZHICHU:“JIAODONGJINGJIQUANSHIQUANSHENGZUIJUFAZHANHUOLI、KAIFANGCHENGDUZUIGAODEDIQU,ZHONGGUO(SHANDONG)ZIMAOSHIYANQU、SHANGHESHIFANQUDENGDUOGEGUOJIAZHANLVEZAICIDIEJIASHISHI,SHIQUANSHENGJINGJIFAZHANDEHUOCHETOU、DUIWAIKAIFANGDELINGTOUYAN”。ZONGGUANCILUNSHANDONGSHENGGUIHUASHEJISHISHIFANGAN,JIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUAGONGZUOSHIGUANCHELUOSHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGUANYUQUYUXIEDIAOFAZHANDEZHONGYAOJIANGHUAJINGSHEN,LUOSHIDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANTICHU“YAOSUSHICHANGHUA”DEZHONGYAOJUCUO。

    ZAIJIAODONGJINGJIQUANNEI,QINGDAO、YANTAI、WEIHAI、WEIFANG、RIZHAODENGWUSHIGEDIDOUYOUZIJIDECHANYEJICHUHEBIJIAOYOUSHI。YINER,ZAIGEZIZHUDAOCHANYELINGYULI,MEIGESHIDOUSHIZHUJIAO。DANZHUJIAOBUHUISHISUOYOULINGYULIDEZHUJIAO,PEIJIAOYEBUHUIZAISUOYOULINGYUDOUSHIPEIJIAO。TONGGUOSHENGJICENGMIANTONGCHOUGOUJIANCUSHIYAOSULIUTONGDEZHIDU,QIESHIDATONGYAOSULIUDONGQUDAO,CHONGFENFAHUISHICHANGPEIZHIZIYUANDEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。YITUOGESHIYOUSHIYAOSU,FUSHEBINGXIYINGENGDUOQITAYAOSUDEHELIPEIZHILIURU,ZUIZHONGCHUANGZAOXINGCHENGYIGEQITOUBINGJIN、XIETONGFAZHANDEQUYUJINGJIXINSHENGTAI。

    SAN、ZHANGSANJIAOYITIHUASHIFANQUDEJINGYAN

    长三角一体化示范区在协调机制上通过打破行政边界束缚,推动当地生产要素市场化流转和配置,不断激发区域经济发展的内在活力,这对于全国其他类似区域具有示范作用。从一体化示范区规划建设经验来看,其土地管理、劳动力要素流动、财税分享、数据治理与共享等方面值得学习借鉴。第一,建立跨区域统筹土地指标、盘活空间资源的土地管理机制。为建立统一的建设用地指标管理机制,示范区依据国民经济和社会发展规划、国土空间规划等研究制订一体化年度用地计划,由一体化示范区开发建设管理机构负责统筹安排使用。对于盘活存量土地,打破用地指标计划配置,推动建立跨区域建设用地指标市场化调剂和有偿使用平台。第二,构建促进劳动力跨区域自由流动的制度安排。一体化示范区推行人才资质互认共享,探索建立统一的人才评价体系。制定实施符合一体化示范区发展需求的特殊人才政策,赋予一体化示范区统筹使用各类编制资源的自主权和更大用人自主权。第三,搭建跨区域投入共担、利益共享的财税分享管理制度。推进电子税务局一体化建设,实现办税服务平台数据交互,推动异地办税、区域通办。建立财政共同投入机制,共同出资设立一体化示范区投资开发基金,统筹用于一体化示范区开发建设。根据示范区建设进程,在合理确定示范区内税收基数的基础上,新设企业形成的税收增量中地方收入部分,按比例在区域间进行合理分配。第四,打造“数字示范区”,信用“红黑名单”互认可期。推进示范区政务大数据的共享架构体系建设,研究制定统一的技术标准规范,探索建立诚信就业体系优化营商环境,着力推进减材料、减负担,研究建立公共数据治理及共享应用工作机制,开展公共数据资源应用。与此同时,推行信用“红黑名单”互认制度,推进法人库、人口库、电子证照库等基础库的数据共享等。

    SI、GUANYUJIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUAJIANSHEDEYOUGUANSIKAO

    JIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUASHIYIXIANGXITONGGONGCHENG,QIZHONGSHEJIZHIDUSHEJIDETONGCHOUANPAI,YAOSUZIYUANDEYOUHUAPEIZHI,SHENGCHANLIBUJUDEZHONGXINDIAOZHENG,SHENPI、FUWU、ZHIFADENGXINGZHENGZIYUANLILIANGDEYOUXIAOZHENGHE。YINGDANGSHUO,JIAODONGJINGJIQUANYITIHUAJIANSHEZHUYAOZAIYUYUNYONGSHICHANGHUASHOUDUAN,GUANJIANDIANZAIYUDATONGQUYUJIANXINGZHENGTIZHIBILEI,TUIJINYAOSUZIYUANDELIUDONG,SHIXIANZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHI,XIETONGGOUJIAN“REDAIYULINSHI”SHENGTAI。

    一是打通土地资源区域限制。强化土地资源要素的精准投放,新增建设用地指标重点保障经济圈内重点项目建设,推动土地要素跟着项目走,探索制订经济圈年度用地计划。加大存量土地盘活力度,加强批而未供和闲置土地处置,探索建立建设用地指标跨区域市场化调剂。二是打通劳动力流动壁垒。进一步打通区域间户籍制度壁垒,取消重点群体落户限制,完善人事档案管理信息化服务水平,建立健全各地社会保障、医疗服务等方面配套基础设施建设,确保劳动力要素的市场化配置流动。三是打通资本流动隔阂。学习借鉴长三角一体化示范区的财税分享管理制度经验,加速经济圈资本要素的流通。由五市共同设立胶东经济圈一体化发展投资基金,在经济圈内统筹布局新基建、大健康以及战略性新兴产业等领域。四是打通数据资源“孤岛”。推动各区域各部门间数据共享交换,建立促进企业登记、交通运输、气象等公共数据开放和数据资源有效流动的制度规范。培育数字经济新产业、新业态和新模式,积极探索构建经济圈内农业、工业、金融、交通、公共资源交易等领域规范化数据开发利用的场景。(青岛银行首席经济学家办公室)

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